Nearly one in six Canadians couldn't handle a $500 mortgage increase
According to the bank, 16% of respondents said they would not be able to afford such an increase, while more than a quarter, or roughly 27%, would need to review their budget.
The ultimate goal of most Canadians should be the elimination of debt, but the first step needs to be getting rid of bad debt, said Chris Buttigieg, senior manager of wealth planning strategy at BMO, which has the potential to destabilize a households financial situation.
Another 26% said they would be concerned, but could probably handle it.
Such an increase would be generated in the case of a three percentage point hike in interest rates - from 2.75% to 5.75% - on a $300,000 mortgage with a 25-year amoritization period.
Given that interest rates are likely to increase in the foreseeable future, the bank said there was no better time to put together a detailed debt management plan.
A report by Statistics Canada last month found the ratio of household credit market debt to disposable income climbed in the second quarter of 2015 to 164.6%, up from 163% in the first three months of the year.
That means Canadians owed nearly $1.65 in consumer credit and mortgage and non-mortgage loans for every dollar of disposable income.
The report by BMOs Wealth Institute found that almost half of Canadians, 47%, believed that the high level of debt in Canada has been influenced by soaring real estate values, while 40% believed it has been influenced by low rates.
Files from The Canadian Press
Bank of Canada rate announcement
The Bank of Canada today announced that it is maintaining its target for the overnight rate at 1/2 per cent. The Bank Rate is correspondingly 3/4 per cent and the deposit rate is 1/4 per cent.
Global growth in the first half of 2016 was slower than the Bank had projected in its JulyMonetary Policy Report(MPR), although the Bank continues to expect it to strengthen gradually in the second half of this year.
The US economy was weaker than expected in the second quarter, notably reflecting a contraction in business and residential investment. While a healthy labour market and solid consumption should remain supportive of growth in the rest of the year, the outlook for business investment has become less certain.
While Canadas economy shrank in the second quarter, the Bank still projects a substantial rebound in the second half of this year.
Second-quarter GDP was pulled down by the Alberta wildfires in May and by a drop in exports that was larger and more broad-based than expected. Exports disappointed even after accounting for weaker business and residential investment in the United States, adjustments in the resource sector, and cutbacks in auto production.
The economy is expected to rebound in the third quarter as oil production recovers, rebuilding commences in Alberta, and consumer spending gets an additional lift from Canada Child Benefit payments. As federal infrastructure spending starts to have more impact, growth in the fourth quarter is projected to remain above potential.
Inflation is roughly in line with the Banks expectations. Total CPI inflation is below the 2 per cent target, mainly because of the temporary effects of lower consumer energy prices. Measures of core inflation remain around 2 per cent, reflecting offsetting effects of excess capacity and past exchange rate depreciation.
On balance, risks to the profile for inflation have tilted somewhat to the downside since July. At the same time, while there are preliminary signs of a possible moderation in the Vancouver housing market, financial vulnerabilities associated with household imbalances remain elevated and continue to rise.
CREA releases latest sales figures: home sales decline while prices rise
According to statistics released this week by The Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA), national home sales declined for a third consecutive month in July 2016.
National home sales fell 1.3% from June to July.
Actual (not seasonally adjusted) activity came in 2.9% below July 2015.
The number of newly listed homes rose 1.2% from June to July.
The MLSHome Price Index (HPI) rose 14.3% year-over-year in July.
The national average sale price climbed 9.9% in July from one year ago; net of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and Greater Vancouver, it advanced 7% year-over-year.
While national home sales fell 1.3% month-over-month in July, the average price jumped 14.3% year-over-year last month. Newly listed homes, meanwhile, increased 1.2% month-over-month.
Sales activity was down from the previous month in slightly more than half of all markets in July, led by Greater Vancouver and the Fraser Valley. Transactions in these two markets peaked in February of this year, and have since then dropped by 21.5 and 28.8 percent respectively. Accordingly, much of the national sales decline in recent months reflects slowing activity in B.C.s Lower Mainland.
National sales and price trends continue to be heavily influenced by a handful of places in Ontario and British Columbia and mask significant variations in local housing market trends and conditions across Canada, said CREA President Cliff Iverson.
Home sales continued to trend lower while price gains further accelerated in the Lower Mainland of British Columbia, said Gregory Klump, CREAs Chief Economist. This suggests that sales are being reined in by a lack of inventory and a further deterioration in affordability. The new 15 per cent property transfer tax on Metro Vancouver home purchases by foreign buyers took effect on August 2nd, so it will take some time before the effect of the new tax on sales and prices can be observed. That said, the new tax will do little in the short term to increase the supply of homes.
With sales down and new listings up, the national sales-to-new listings ratio eased to 61.6 percent in July 2016 its second monthly decline following its peak of 65.3 percent in May. A sales-to-new listings ratio between 40 and 60 percent is generally consistent with balanced housing market conditions, with readings below and above this range indicating buyers and sellers markets respectively.
The national average price continues to be pulled upward by sales activity in Greater Vancouver and Greater Toronto, which remain two of Canadas tightest, most active and expensive housing markets. The actual (not seasonally adjusted) national average price for homes sold in July 2016 was $480,743, up 9.9 percent y-o-y.
If these two housing markets are excluded from calculations, the average price is a more modest $365,033 and the gain is trimmed to 7.0 percent y-o-y.