Impact of Mortgages changes
Impact of Mortgages changes.
Before I explain how all the changes had impacted consumers I believe it is important to clarify and explain those changes.
Previously, mortgages were divided into two major categories
1) High ratio mortgages- down payment was lower than 20%, borrower will be charged for mortgage insurance in case of default. This provided banks the option to offer good rates to borrowers with low down payments.
2) Low ratio mortgages- down payment was grater than 20%.
Mortgage insurance in Canada is backed by the federal government through the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corp. Insurance is sold by the CMHC and two private insurers, Genworth Financial Mortgage Insurance Company Canada and Canada Guaranty Mortgage Insurance Company. This creates the federal government responsible to cover the cost of 100 per cent of an insured mortgage in the event of a default.
Oct- Nov, 2016
In consequence, Mortgages are now being differentiated as Insured and Non- Insured.
Insured: (by Federal Mortgage Insurance)
High ratio owner occupied Only.
Borrowers need to qualify at benchmark of 4.64%
Maximum Amortization of 25 years
Purchases under $ 1 Million dollars
Non-Insured: (by Federal Mortgage Insurance)
Income properties purchases and refinances with less than 20% down payment.
Low ratio mortgages
Borrowers qualify under contract rate not stress test
Amortization can exceed 25 years
Interest rate increase of 0.25 %, it will impact services associated with mortgages, such as lines of credits and bank services associated with prime rates.
All these changes were established by the Liberal Government to freeze housing prices in Toronto and Vancouver area mostly, avoid consumers going into mortgages that cannot be afforded, and subsidized the low prices on petroleum.
It has been almost 10 months that these changes had been applied and it did not help to stop prices to sky rocket or consumers to not be in debt. On the other hand, now interest rate increased which it was most likely to happen and it complicates even more the financial situation of most home owners.
I read many articles this past week, but I was surprised by one in which it was trying to give consumers the idea that a small interest increase it wasnt such a big impact on mortgages on a monthly basis. It is very unreal to believe that interest rates are not going to go up even more. This will complicate the financial situation of average Canadians to access a mortgage in the future or keep the current one. It is going to become harder to pay off debts because interest rates and living expenses are getting more expensive.
Investors cannot offer affordable rentals because the cost for a mortgage for them have changed. Many lenders do not offer investment products due to the additional cost of having to buy private insurance in consequence of the changes implemented by the Government. This as well increases the cost of living for Canadians and makes it even harder to save for a purchase of a home.
All these changes intend to solve an issue but they create new ones even more complex to resolve.
A fitting example is the increase on minimum wage as is planned for 2019 of $ 15.00; this will bring a lot of consequences, prices are going to go up in general items because businesses are going to have to recap those amounts, small businesses are not going to be able to have employees because of the cost increase, therefore less demand for workers.
All these changes intend to patch or give quick solution to most concerns on society.
Realistically, it has been a wrong move from the government. It affected first time buyers, middle class families, private banks (some of them are out of business because they cannot compete with prices, therefore less options for borrowers); most of these individuals do not contribute to have prices for over 1 million dollars.
As a mortgage professional, I mostly see the debate of buyers that do want to have an affordable mortgage but in their areas are not possible. I try to advice to move further from the city, but they encounter the lack of employment opportunities on those border cities.
The real problem is that big cities such as Toronto and Vancouver are collapsing, employers need to start moving away from the big cities to be able to make surrounding cities prosper as well. There are a lot of commuters and consequently creates traffic problems, big monthly expenses on gas, car maintenance and so on. Because all the changes rents are more expensive and consumers are not able to save money for a down payment.
I believe some changes are good but they cannot be applied to all Canada, they need to be enforced for buyers on the big cities. We need opportunities for first time buyers, buying a home is slowly becoming a luxury and we all have the right to own our home.
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Mortgage Wellness Group
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P: (705) 302 9823
C: (416) 886 0866
Toronto index stopped trending down in January
In January the TeranetNational Bank National Composite House Price IndexTM rose 0.3% from the previous month, a tic higher than the historical average for January and a second consecutive monthly increase. However, only four of the 11 metropolitan markets surveyed showed gains the first time since January 2016 that a rise in the Composite Index has had so little breadth. It was due mainly to a second straight monthly jump of the index for the important Vancouver market (1.2% in January on the heels of 1.3% in December). The Toronto index rose 0.2%, the Victoria index 1.0% and the Montreal index edged up 0.1%. All the other component indexes were down on the month: Hamilton (0.2%), Ottawa-Gatineau ( 0.2%), Edmonton (0.3%), Calgary (0.3%), Halifax (-1.0%), Winnipeg (1.1%) and Quebec City (2.0%). For Montreal, it was a 13th monthly increase, and for Hamilton it was a fifth decrease in a row. The rise of the Toronto index was the first in six months. The raw (unsmoothed) Toronto index  on which it is based was up for a third consecutive month. The firming of the smoothed index is due entirely to condo dwellings. The smoothed index for non-condo units fell in January for a sixth straight month, bringing its cumulative decline to 9.6%.
Click here for full release. https://housepriceindex.ca/2018/02/toronto-index-stopped-trending-down-in-january/
2018 CMHC Prospective Home Buyers Survey
In October 2017, CMHC surveyed 2,507 prospective home buyers on-line. Respondents were all prime household decision-makers who intend to purchase a new home within the next two years, including approximately 1,500 First-Time Buyers, 500 current owners, and 500 previous owners.
The survey results highlight that:
First-Time Buyers and Previous Owners share the same top motivator to purchase a home: they want to stop renting. Improved accessibility (physical obstacles and barriers) and investment opportunity were also noted as top motivators across all groups. Changes to mortgage regulations and concerns about possible future interest rate increases were not among the top motivators.
Over four-in-ten First-Time Buyers and Previous Owners say they would delay their home purchase if they were not able to find their ideal home, with a fairly similar proportion saying they would be willing to compromise on the size of the home and location.
The majority of future home buyers intend to obtain a mortgage to finance their home purchase, with First-Time Buyers showing higher incidence compared to Previous Owners and Current Owners.
Across all future home buyers groups, more than six-in-ten say they are likely to have a financial buffer in case their expenses change in the future. Furthermore, the majority of future home buyers, especially Current Owners, agree that they feel confident they have the necessary tools and information to manage their mortgage and debt load.
Among all groups, the two most common actions completed one to two years prior to the purchase of a home were saving for a down payment and determining what type of home to buy. On the other hand, in the last three months before purchasing, about two-in ten of prospective buyers pre-qualify for a mortgage.
About one-in-four prospective home buyers stated that they would be very likely to consider delaying their purchase in the event of an increase in interest rates.