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Is a Re-Finance Worth it For You? See Here.
How to Check if Re-Financing Today Will Save or Cost You Money
Depending on your current interest rate, you may be thinking of looking into a re-finance to take advantage of todays low rates. Of course, as you probably know it isnt just as easy as switching your mortgage out for a lower rate, there are several costs and factors you need to consider. Things such as penalty to break your mortgage and closing costs on a new mortgage are all determining factors in the decision to re-finance or not. Were going to show you how to break down the costs and make an educated decision. Of course, the below is only to give you a guideline and although fairly accurate, should not be used as a quote or promise of any kind. (Seems obvious but we have to write that, youd be surprised). Now that the legal mumbo-jumbo is out of the way, heres what you do:
Determine what your penalty is. Unless your mortgage is open, then there will be a penalty to pay it off early. If your mortgage is a variable rate, then you will be paying 3 months interest only which is a simple calculation.
Mortgage Balance x Interest Rate = A
A 12 = B
B x 3 = 3 months interest penalty.
$300,000 balance at 2.30% (300k x 2.30% = $6,900. $6,900 12 = $575 x 3 months = $1,725
If you are on a fixed rate then your penalty will be the greater of three months interest (above) or Interest Rate Differential (IRD). IRD is where the lender takes your current rate and puts it against the rate being offered for the term that most closely matches the time remaining on your mortgage term. So if you have 2 years left on your mortgage, they would use the 2 year term. The math for this is slightly more complicated.
Current Rate Reinvestment Rate = A
Mortgage Balance x A = B
B 365 x Number of days left to maturity = IRD Penalty.
Lets see an example using a mortgage balance of $300,000 with an interest rate of 3.19% with 2 years left on the term and a current 2 year rate of 2.29%. Remember, these numbers are for example purposes only.
Ex. 3.19% 2.29% = 0.90%. $300,000 x 0.90% = $2,700 365 x 730 = $5,399.81 IRD penalty
You can also take into consideration your pre-payment privileges on the balance.
So now that you are able to calculate your penalty all on your own, lets move to step two
Get an estimate of any closing costs you are likely to incur. For this example we will use the IRD results from above and assume our mortgage balance is $300,000 at 3.19%, we will also estimate the following:
Appraisal cost: $350
Legal Fees: $1,500
Penalty using IRD method: $5,399.81
Now that you know what it will cost you to break your mortgage and close a new one, its time to determine your potential savings on a new mortgage. Again, we will assume our balance is $300,000 with our current interest rate at 3.19% and our potential new rate being 2.64%.
Over the last two years remaining on your term, you would be paying roughly $16,500 of interest at the 3.19%
and on the first two years of your new mortgage at 2.64% you would be paying about $14,500 of interest, a savings of around $2,000. Or you can look at your existing payments of $1,449.14/month vs your new payments of $1,364.90 a savings of $84.24/month. Over two years $2,021.76. This of course does not outweigh the cost of breaking the mortgage and would therefore be better to wait until your penalty is lower. In the case where you are paying three months interest, then it would be worth it to re-finance.
Keep in mind you should always double check with your mortgage broker to be sure what the penalty is. In a lot of cases, they may be able to get you a discount on the penalty or help you avoid legal fees and appraisals costs. If you are thinking about re-financing to get your rate lowered, check in with us and well let you know where you stand. Hope this helps you understand your mortgage a little better.
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Bank of Canada maintains overnight rate target at 1 ¾ per cent
The Bank of Canada today maintained its target for the overnight rate at 1 per cent.
The Bank Rate is correspondingly 2 per cent and the deposit rate is 1 per cent. The global economic expansion continues to moderate, with growth forecast to slow to 3.4 per cent in 2019 from 3.7 per cent in 2018. In particular, growth in the United States remains solid but is expected to slow to a more sustainable pace through 2019. However, there are increasing signs that the US-China trade conflict is weighing on global demand and commodity prices.
Global benchmark prices for oil have been about 25 per cent lower than assumed in the October Monetary Policy Report (MPR). The lower prices primarily reflect sustained increases in US oil supply and, more recently, increased worries about global demand. These worries among market participants have also been reflected in bond and equity markets.
The drop in global oil prices has a material impact on the Canadian outlook, resulting in lower terms of trade and national income. As well, transportation constraints and rising production have combined to push up oil inventories in the west and exert even more downward pressure on Canadian benchmark prices. While price differentials have narrowed in recent weeks following announced mandatory production cuts in Alberta, investment in Canadas oil sector is projected to weaken further.
Largest portions of household budgets go to shelter and transportation
Shelter remained the largest budget item for households in 2017, at 29.2% of their total consumption of goods and services. Spending on transportation, the second-largest expenditure category, accounted for 19.9% of total consumption, followed by food expenditures at 13.4%.
Households spent an average of $18,637 on shelter, up 3.4% from 2016. Included in this total was an average of $16,846 paid for principal residence (which includes rent, mortgage payments, repairs and maintenance costs, property taxes and utilities) and an average of $1,791 for other accommodation, such as hotels and owned secondary residences.
In 2017, two out of every three Canadian households owned their home, and more than half of homeowners had a mortgage. Homeowners with a mortgage spent an average of $25,904 on their principal residence, compared with $9,642 for homeowners without a mortgage and $13,499 for renters.
Canadian households paid $12,707 for transportation in 2017, up 6.7% from 2016. They spent an average of $11,433 on private transportation, which includes the purchase of cars, trucks and vans, as well as their operating costs. Households, on average, spent $2,142 on gasoline and other fuels in 2017, up 9.8% from 2016, reflecting the 11.8% annual average increase in gasoline prices. Spending on public transportation, which covers public transit, taxis, intercity buses, trains and air fares, remained relatively unchanged at $1,274.
In 2017, 84.0% of households owned or leased a vehicle. Vehicle ownership was highest in rural areas (94.9%) and lowest in cities with a population of at least one million residents (79.0%).