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Many Canadian homeowners pay too much for their homes because they are not getting the best mortgage financing available in the market.
The mortgage process can be intimidating for homeowners, and some financial institutions don't make the process any easier.
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How much?!?! Mortgage pre-payment penalties explained.
If you were hoping the Canadian government had introduced a new law standardizing mortgage penalties, youll be sad to learn no changes yet. Rumours swirl that something has to or will be done in regards to this issues. But, until that time were stuck with what we have. So, it is in your best interest to understand how pre-payment penalties work.
Youll be shocked to know that the average Canadian breaks their mortgages every 3.5 years, and the most common term people take is 5 years. Its easy to see why understanding mortgage penalties can end up saving you thousands. Of course, there are some simple strategies to avoid a penalty:
Wait until your maturity date to refinance, buy and sell, or switch lenders.
Porting Most mortgages include a portability features that essentially allows you to transfer your mortgage to a new property.
Early Renewal Some lenders will allow you to renew up to 6 months early without penalty.
However, when these situations dont line up, or arent available, clients are forced to pay what sometimes can be a massive mortgage penalty. For example, if you started a new mortgage exactly one year ago when rates were around 2.99% for a 5 year fixed closed term and you wanted to pay out your loan in full, here are some numbers to consider:
BMO - $4,640.00
MCAP - $2,167.00
These calculations can be done at home if you want to test your individual mortgage. Each financial institution is now required to disclose a pre-payment calculator or formula on their websites to allow Canadians to calculate their own penalty.
So, youre probably wondering how these penalties are calculated? Well its a method of two formulas, Interest Rate Differential (IRD), or 3 Months Interest. With a Variable Rate Mortgage, it is always 3 months interest. If you have a fixed mortgage, its the IRD or 3-Months Interest and it always depends on which is greater. I should note that No Frills Mortgages, or super low rate mortgages can sometimes have completely different ways of calculating a penalty. Beware of what youre signing!
IRD What it means..
Interest rate differential is the difference of your current mortgage rate and what the lender could offer in todays current market. For example, if you have 4 years left on your mortgage, the lender will compare their rate to what their current 4-year rate is.
This calculation differs between lenders in regards to how they determine what rates to compare. Banks have posted and discounted rates. If you review any mortgage documents from the Big 6 Banks, it shows you the discount offered from the posted rate.
Right now, Scotabank has a 5 year rate of 4.79%, however, you could walk in there today and get 3.09% on the same 5 year term. But, when they go to calculate the penalty, dont think they wont consider the original discount. This is huge when picking your lender, especially if you know you may need to break your mortgage.
Other lenders, especially those available through the broker channel, compare rates at face value. Meaning, the discount rate is compared to the discount rate. That is what you saw MCAP (above) with the lowest mortgage penalty.
In essence, when selecting a mortgage lender, be sure to consider all your options. It could end up saving you thousands.
Mortgage Agent in Kingston, Ontario, License #M13000201
Canada's Manufacturing heavily impacted in March
Manufacturing shipments fell 9.2% in March after climbing 0.4% the prior month. This result was more than double the drop expected by consensus (-4.5%). Lower sales were registered in 17 of the 21 industries surveyed, including transportation (-26.5%), petroleum and coal products (-32.2%), and plastics/rubber products (-10.9%). Alternatively, shipments increased for food manufacturing (+8.2%) and paper manufacturing (+8.4%). With the price effect removed, total factory sales decreased 8.3% m/m, while inventories grew 0.8%. As a result, the real inventory-to-sales ratio rose from 1.56 to 1.72, a bad sign for future production.
Manufacturing sales came in much worse than expected in March, matching their largest one-month decline on record (December 2008). Sales retraced all the way back to their level in June 2016. It should come as no surprise that disruptions from COVID-19 were the chief cause of the decline. Indeed, 78.3% of manufacturing businesses reported being impacted by the pandemic. Transportation saw a significant decline owing to plant closures, while refineries lowered production as demand and prices waned. Not everyone experienced an adverse shock, as evidenced by marked increases for food (groceries) and paper manufacturing (toilet paper) in the month. This will likely be transitory, however, as households rushed to stock up in March. Eight of the ten provinces reported lower sales, with Ontario and Quebec posting the largest declines. All told, given that confinement measures had been in place for only two weeks in March, the April manufacturing picture can be expected to be even worse.
Home sales fell 56.8% from March to April, to the lowest level recorded since the inception of seasonally adjusted data in 1988. The fall was generalized to all the 26 major markets tracked by CREA except Newfoundland and Labrador, where sales rose 13.6%. New listings also fell sharply (-55.7%) but active listings only 8.7%. Therefore, the active-listings-to-sales ratio (our preferred gauge of market conditions) skyrocketed from 4.3 months of inventory in March to 9.2 in April, the largest since the 2008-09 recession.
Source: National Bank of Canada
Another strong increase in the Composite Index in March
In March the TeranetNational Bank National Composite House Price IndexTM was up 0.6% from the previous month. As was the case in February, this was double the average March rise of the last 10 years. Leading the advance were the markets of Ottawa-Gatineau (1.1%), Vancouver (1.0%) and Toronto (0.9%). Trailing the countrywide average were rises for Hamilton (0.4%), Quebec City (0.3%), Montreal (0.2%) and Halifax (0.1%). The index for Victoria was essentially flat. Down from the previous month were Calgary (0.1%), Edmonton (0.6%) and Winnipeg (0.8%).
The index for Vancouver has now gone six months without a decline. Its previous run of 14 straight months without a rise seems to be definitely over, especially since the Vancouver resale market has returned to balance as measured by ratio of listings to sales. The index for Victoria has move little over the last seven months. Weakness persists in the Prairies: the indexes for Calgary and Winnipeg have declined in five of the last six months, that for Edmonton in four. In central and eastern Canada the story is different. The index for Ottawa-Gatineau has not declined in any of the last 12 months, that for Toronto in only one and those for Montreal, Hamilton and Halifax in two. All of these last five markets were at a historical peak in March.