Impact of Mortgages changes
Impact of Mortgages changes.
Before I explain how all the changes had impacted consumers I believe it is important to clarify and explain those changes.
Previously, mortgages were divided into two major categories
1) High ratio mortgages- down payment was lower than 20%, borrower will be charged for mortgage insurance in case of default. This provided banks the option to offer good rates to borrowers with low down payments.
2) Low ratio mortgages- down payment was grater than 20%.
Mortgage insurance in Canada is backed by the federal government through the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corp. Insurance is sold by the CMHC and two private insurers, Genworth Financial Mortgage Insurance Company Canada and Canada Guaranty Mortgage Insurance Company. This creates the federal government responsible to cover the cost of 100 per cent of an insured mortgage in the event of a default.
Oct- Nov, 2016
In consequence, Mortgages are now being differentiated as Insured and Non- Insured.
Insured: (by Federal Mortgage Insurance)
High ratio owner occupied Only.
Borrowers need to qualify at benchmark of 4.64%
Maximum Amortization of 25 years
Purchases under $ 1 Million dollars
Non-Insured: (by Federal Mortgage Insurance)
Income properties purchases and refinances with less than 20% down payment.
Low ratio mortgages
Borrowers qualify under contract rate not stress test
Amortization can exceed 25 years
Interest rate increase of 0.25 %, it will impact services associated with mortgages, such as lines of credits and bank services associated with prime rates.
All these changes were established by the Liberal Government to freeze housing prices in Toronto and Vancouver area mostly, avoid consumers going into mortgages that cannot be afforded, and subsidized the low prices on petroleum.
It has been almost 10 months that these changes had been applied and it did not help to stop prices to sky rocket or consumers to not be in debt. On the other hand, now interest rate increased which it was most likely to happen and it complicates even more the financial situation of most home owners.
I read many articles this past week, but I was surprised by one in which it was trying to give consumers the idea that a small interest increase it wasnt such a big impact on mortgages on a monthly basis. It is very unreal to believe that interest rates are not going to go up even more. This will complicate the financial situation of average Canadians to access a mortgage in the future or keep the current one. It is going to become harder to pay off debts because interest rates and living expenses are getting more expensive.
Investors cannot offer affordable rentals because the cost for a mortgage for them have changed. Many lenders do not offer investment products due to the additional cost of having to buy private insurance in consequence of the changes implemented by the Government. This as well increases the cost of living for Canadians and makes it even harder to save for a purchase of a home.
All these changes intend to solve an issue but they create new ones even more complex to resolve.
A fitting example is the increase on minimum wage as is planned for 2019 of $ 15.00; this will bring a lot of consequences, prices are going to go up in general items because businesses are going to have to recap those amounts, small businesses are not going to be able to have employees because of the cost increase, therefore less demand for workers.
All these changes intend to patch or give quick solution to most concerns on society.
Realistically, it has been a wrong move from the government. It affected first time buyers, middle class families, private banks (some of them are out of business because they cannot compete with prices, therefore less options for borrowers); most of these individuals do not contribute to have prices for over 1 million dollars.
As a mortgage professional, I mostly see the debate of buyers that do want to have an affordable mortgage but in their areas are not possible. I try to advice to move further from the city, but they encounter the lack of employment opportunities on those border cities.
The real problem is that big cities such as Toronto and Vancouver are collapsing, employers need to start moving away from the big cities to be able to make surrounding cities prosper as well. There are a lot of commuters and consequently creates traffic problems, big monthly expenses on gas, car maintenance and so on. Because all the changes rents are more expensive and consumers are not able to save money for a down payment.
I believe some changes are good but they cannot be applied to all Canada, they need to be enforced for buyers on the big cities. We need opportunities for first time buyers, buying a home is slowly becoming a luxury and we all have the right to own our home.
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Most First-Time Homebuyers Spending All They Can Afford
Millennials have made up a significant portion of homebuyers in recent years and based on the 2018 Mortgage Consumer Survey, they continue to do so, representing just under half (49%) of first-time buyer respondents. Although this is a decrease from 60% in 2017 and 58% in 2016, Millennials continue to influence and shape the homebuying and mortgage process.
Heres more of what we learned about Millennials and first-time buyers as a whole, powered by the 2018 Mortgage Consumer Survey.
What does the typical first-time buyer profile look like? Forty percent are married, 80% are employed full-time and about one-quarter (26%) have a household income between $60,000 and $90,000. A strong percentage of them were born outside of Canada, with 22% identifying as newcomers to Canada. Mortgage professionals can help meet the unique needs of newcomers with the support of CMHCs homebuying information which is available in 8 different languages.
The top 2 reasons first-time buyers bought a home: they wanted to get a first home and they felt financially ready. Although certain urban markets continue to exhibit high house prices and other barriers to entry, the survey found that 61% of first-time buyers bought a single-detached home. In fact, single-detached home was the top housing type purchased in all regions across Canada, except in British Columbia where condominium apartment was the most popular housing type.
The vast majority (85%) of first-time buyers spent the most they could afford on their home, compared to 68% of repeat buyers. This indicates that first-time buyers, including Millennials, may be stretching themselves financially to purchase their home. When it comes to the down payment, savings from outside an RRSP was the main source for first-time buyers. This suggest there is an opportunity to further educate first-time buyers about other options to help fund their down payment, such as the Government of Canadas Home Buyers Plan (HBP).
To get assistance with the mortgage process, first-time buyers contacted, on average, 2 brokers and 3 lenders. First-time buyer satisfaction levels with mortgage brokers and lenders remains high. However, mortgage professionals could further increase satisfaction levels by conducting more post-transaction follow-up and by providing clients with more information on closing costs, house purchase fees, interest rates, and steps involved in buying a home. CMHCs Step by Step guide is a valuable tool for mortgage professionals to share with homebuyers to ensure they feel confident throughout the entire homebuying process.
Bank of Canada increases overnight rate target to 1 ¾ per cent
The Bank of Canada today increased its target for the overnight rate to 1 per cent. The Bank Rate is correspondingly 2 per cent and the deposit rate is 1 per cent.
The global economic outlook remains solid. The US economy is especially robust and is expected to moderate over the projection horizon, as forecast in the Banks July Monetary Policy Report (MPR). The new US-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) will reduce trade policy uncertainty in North America, which has been an important curb on business confidence and investment. However, trade conflict, particularly between the United States and China, is weighing on global growth and commodity prices. Financial market volatility has resurfaced and some emerging markets are under stress but, overall, global financial conditions remain accommodative.
The Canadian economy continues to operate close to its potential and the composition of growth is more balanced. Despite some quarterly fluctuations, growth is expected to average about 2 per cent over the second half of 2018. Real GDP is projected to grow by 2.1 per cent this year and next before slowing to 1.9 per cent in 2020.
The projections for business investment and exports have been revised up, reflecting the USMCA and the recently-approved liquid natural gas project in British Columbia. Still, investment and exports will be dampened by the recent decline in commodity prices, as well as ongoing competitiveness challenges and limited transportation capacity. The Bank will be monitoring the extent to which the USMCA leads to more confidence and business investment in Canada.
Household spending is expected to continue growing at a healthy pace, underpinned by solid employment income growth. Households are adjusting their spending as expected in response to higher interest rates and housing market policies. In this context, household credit growth continues to moderate and housing activity across Canada is stabilizing. As a result, household vulnerabilities are edging lower in a number of respects, although they remain elevated.
CPI inflation dropped to 2.2 per cent in September, in large part because the summer spike in airfares was reversed. Other temporary factors pushing up inflation, such as past increases in gasoline prices and minimum wages, should fade in early 2019. Inflation is then expected to remain close to the 2 per cent target through the end of 2020. The Banks core measures of inflation all remain around 2 per cent, consistent with an economy that is operating at capacity. Wage growth remains moderate, although it is projected to pick up in the coming quarters, consistent with the Banks latest Business Outlook Survey.
Given all of these factors, Governing Council agrees that the policy interest rate will need to rise to a neutral stance to achieve the inflation target. In determining the appropriate pace of rate increases, Governing Council will continue to take into account how the economy is adjusting to higher interest rates, given the elevated level of household debt. In addition, we will pay close attention to global trade policy developments and their implications for the inflation outlook.