Whether it is your first time applying for a mortgage or not, the process can be overwhelming and intimidating. With a great mortgage agent on your side you will be well informed and educated throughout the entire process. Being educated will give you confidence and provides you with realistic expectations.
If you are:
- A First Time Home Buyer
- Looking to Upgrade or Downsize Your Home
- At Your Mortgage Term Renewal
- Wanting to Consolidate Debt and Have Home Equity
- Have ANY Mortgage Related Questions
PLEASE KNOW I AM ALWAYS HAPPY TO HELP!
Thank you for taking the time to visit www.mortgageswithtess.com
Tess Arpa is a mortgage agent under Excel Mortgage Canada Connection and serves the Cambridge, Guelph, Kitchener, Waterloo, Brantford, Mississauga, Milton and surrounding areas in Ontario.
My office is located at:
226 KING ST. E
CAMBRIDGE, ON N3H 3M6
1 VICTORIA STREET SUITE 613
KITCHENER, ON N2G 0B5
How Does Mortgage Qualifying Work?
How Does Mortgage Qualifying Work?
Have you ever wondered what lenders look at when deciding to approve a mortgage application or not?
If so, you are not alone!
When talking to local real estate agent, Katie Kertesz, she mentioned that it is common for her clients to be concernedabout their approval and that the process can be intimidating. Most mortgage agents do not take the time to educate their client on the application process, they simply just fill the blanks in on the application form. This can leave you wondering what the odds are, and what determines the outcome. I try my best to educate my clients so that there are limited surprises and that they fully understand the application process.
For those of you I have not met with I hope this blog will give you some insight.
There are four main areas of interest to Canadianlenders. They are all equally as important and not in any particular order.
The Big 4 Income, Credit, Down Payment, and Property
Lenders need to know how you will be able to make your mortgage payments. They like to see steady guaranteed income that can be proven. If you work for a company, typically lenders will ask for a recent pay stub and a letter of employment to confirm your income. It is also very common for them to call your employer to confirm your employment details.
If you are self employed, or heavily rely on commission/overtime, the lenders will require your last two years of income filed on your taxes. Other documents will be needed as well depending on your type of business.
Lendersalsocalculate your total and gross debt servicing ratios. Total debt service ratio (commonly referred to as TDS) is calculated by adding up all of your monthly debt obligations (credit cards, lines of credits, auto payments, loans), and your housing expenses (property tax, heating, condo fee, mortgage payment) and dividing thattotal by your gross income. Gross debt service ratio (commonly referred to as GDS) is only your housing expenses (property tax, heating, condo fee, and mortgage) vs. your gross income. Each lender will have a maximum TDS and GDS in their lending guidelines that you must fit into in order to be approved. I go over these ratios with my clients.
I always tell my clients to think of their credit bureau as a report card. Your credit bureau reports all of your outstanding debts, and credit that is available to you. It shows if you make your payments on time and if you extend yourself financially. Lenders want to know that you are likely to make your payments to them on time and they will look at your credit bureau as your track record.
Each lender has different credit guidelines but generally lenders want a 700+ credit score with no recent late payments. I do have access to subprime lenders aswell that consider clients with lower credit scores.
3. Down Payment
A down payment is needed in order to purchase a property.
Lenders require that there is equity in the property for their security. It is possible to put as little as 5% down on a personal residence which is very common for first time home buyers. If you put less than 20% down it is mandated by the government that you pay CMHC insurance. This is an insurance premium that protects the lender if you were not able to make your payments. This premium gets added to your total mortgage amount and is not paid up front. You only have to pay the hst on the premium amount up front at the time of closing. Since it is added to your total mortgage amount it makes a minimal difference on your monthly payment. The premium varies depending on the purchase price and how much you are putting as a down payment.
If you have access to 20% or more down than you can forgo the insurance premium charge. Required down payment varies depending on your personal application.
Lenders will want a 90 day history of your down payment if coming from your own personal funds. You can also have down payment gifted to you by an immediate family member. Regular banks and lenders do not allow you to use borrowed funds as your down payment.
The lender wants to make sure the property you are purchasing is easily resalable. They may ask for an appraisal on the property to confirm the propertyvalue and to ensure it is in good resalable condition. An appraisal is not always required, but it is more commonly required when you put 20% or more down since the lender will not be covered by CMHC insurance. The appraisal not only protects the lender but it protects you as well.
The above information is intended as a general guideline. If you want to knowhow much of a mortgage you qualify for and what documentation is needed the best way to find this out is to contact me directly. Every application is different, and each lender has different guidelines so it is not always black and white.
Once we have talked mortgages I highly recommend that you get in touch with Katie. She has a wealth of real estate knowledge and she is driven to make sure her clients get the home they want at the price they want!
Tess Arpa Katie Kertesz
Mortgage Agent , Excel Mortgage Real Estate Agent, Remax
Similar Housing Demand Conditions in Canada and US
Housing markets in Canada and the US are sizzling. Recent headlines have used superlatives to describe housing market conditions in both countries and the data do back this up. Still, a closer look reveals some interesting distinctions as well. Home price and sales metrics show that while the US market is hot, Canadas is hotter. For example, existing home sales, which make up the majority of overall sales in both countries, is well above historical averages, but Canadian home sales have outperformed. As of March 2021, home sales in Canada were 75% higher than the average over 2018 and 2019, while it was 13% above in the US. Likewise, home prices also spiked. In Canada, the average home sold was 32% more expensive than what it was a year ago, and it was 17% higher stateside.
From a high level, the list of commonalties across markets during the pandemic is longer than the areas of difference, particularly on the demand side. Perhaps the most influential demand-side driver has been historically low mortgage rates. Responding to the impacts of the pandemic, the Bank of Canada and the Federal Reserve slashed rates and enacted large quantitative easing programs early last year, resulting in a sharp drop in borrowing costs. Given that the US conventional mortgage rate is a 30-year rate compared to Canadas 5-year benchmark, borrowing costs fell faster in America as flight to safety flows lowered longer term yields at the onset of the pandemic.
CANADA HOUSING MARKET and new stress test
Canadian home sales took a turn in April 2021, declining by 12.5% (sa m/m) from the highest level on record in March 2021. Listings followed suit, falling by 5.4% (sa m/m). While both sales and listings decreased in April, the smaller decline in listings further eased the national-level sales-to-new listings to 75.2% from record high readings earlier this year (the highest being 91% in January). While this is a move in the right direction towards a better supply-demand balance, the ratio is still significantly higher than its long-term average of 54.5%. As a result of this persistent tightness in the housing market, the composite MLS Home Price Index (HPI) rose by 2.4% (sa m/m). This is a deceleration in price gains from paces observed over the last two months, owing in the most part to a slowing in prices for single-family homes and townhouses. Apartments, which had remained relatively close to pre-pandemic levels before accelerating earlier this year have maintained momentum in April.
Movements in the housing market this month continued to be broad-based rather than market-specific, as declines in sales were spread out across much of the country.
The Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OSFI) also announced that, effective June 1, the minimum qualifying rate for uninsured mortgages (i.e., residential mortgages with a down payment of 20 percent or more) will be the greater of the mortgage contract rate plus 2 percent or 5.25 percent.