Whether it is your first time applying for a mortgage or not, the process can be overwhelming and intimidating. With a great mortgage agent on your side you will be well informed and educated throughout the entire process. Being educated will give you confidence and provides you with realistic expectations.
If you are:
- A First Time Home Buyer
- Looking to Upgrade or Downsize Your Home
- At Your Mortgage Term Renewal
- Wanting to Consolidate Debt and Have Home Equity
- Have ANY Mortgage Related Questions
PLEASE KNOW I AM ALWAYS HAPPY TO HELP!
Thank you for taking the time to visit www.mortgageswithtess.com
Tess Arpa is a mortgage agent under Excel Mortgage Canada Connection and serves the Cambridge, Guelph, Kitchener, Waterloo, Brantford, Mississauga, Milton and surrounding areas in Ontario.
My office is located at:
226 KING ST. E
CAMBRIDGE, ON N3H 3M6
1 VICTORIA STREET SUITE 613
KITCHENER, ON N2G 0B5
How Does Mortgage Qualifying Work?
How Does Mortgage Qualifying Work?
Have you ever wondered what lenders look at when deciding to approve a mortgage application or not?
If so, you are not alone!
When talking to local real estate agent, Katie Kertesz, she mentioned that it is common for her clients to be concernedabout their approval and that the process can be intimidating. Most mortgage agents do not take the time to educate their client on the application process, they simply just fill the blanks in on the application form. This can leave you wondering what the odds are, and what determines the outcome. I try my best to educate my clients so that there are limited surprises and that they fully understand the application process.
For those of you I have not met with I hope this blog will give you some insight.
There are four main areas of interest to Canadianlenders. They are all equally as important and not in any particular order.
The Big 4 Income, Credit, Down Payment, and Property
Lenders need to know how you will be able to make your mortgage payments. They like to see steady guaranteed income that can be proven. If you work for a company, typically lenders will ask for a recent pay stub and a letter of employment to confirm your income. It is also very common for them to call your employer to confirm your employment details.
If you are self employed, or heavily rely on commission/overtime, the lenders will require your last two years of income filed on your taxes. Other documents will be needed as well depending on your type of business.
Lendersalsocalculate your total and gross debt servicing ratios. Total debt service ratio (commonly referred to as TDS) is calculated by adding up all of your monthly debt obligations (credit cards, lines of credits, auto payments, loans), and your housing expenses (property tax, heating, condo fee, mortgage payment) and dividing thattotal by your gross income. Gross debt service ratio (commonly referred to as GDS) is only your housing expenses (property tax, heating, condo fee, and mortgage) vs. your gross income. Each lender will have a maximum TDS and GDS in their lending guidelines that you must fit into in order to be approved. I go over these ratios with my clients.
I always tell my clients to think of their credit bureau as a report card. Your credit bureau reports all of your outstanding debts, and credit that is available to you. It shows if you make your payments on time and if you extend yourself financially. Lenders want to know that you are likely to make your payments to them on time and they will look at your credit bureau as your track record.
Each lender has different credit guidelines but generally lenders want a 700+ credit score with no recent late payments. I do have access to subprime lenders aswell that consider clients with lower credit scores.
3. Down Payment
A down payment is needed in order to purchase a property.
Lenders require that there is equity in the property for their security. It is possible to put as little as 5% down on a personal residence which is very common for first time home buyers. If you put less than 20% down it is mandated by the government that you pay CMHC insurance. This is an insurance premium that protects the lender if you were not able to make your payments. This premium gets added to your total mortgage amount and is not paid up front. You only have to pay the hst on the premium amount up front at the time of closing. Since it is added to your total mortgage amount it makes a minimal difference on your monthly payment. The premium varies depending on the purchase price and how much you are putting as a down payment.
If you have access to 20% or more down than you can forgo the insurance premium charge. Required down payment varies depending on your personal application.
Lenders will want a 90 day history of your down payment if coming from your own personal funds. You can also have down payment gifted to you by an immediate family member. Regular banks and lenders do not allow you to use borrowed funds as your down payment.
The lender wants to make sure the property you are purchasing is easily resalable. They may ask for an appraisal on the property to confirm the propertyvalue and to ensure it is in good resalable condition. An appraisal is not always required, but it is more commonly required when you put 20% or more down since the lender will not be covered by CMHC insurance. The appraisal not only protects the lender but it protects you as well.
The above information is intended as a general guideline. If you want to knowhow much of a mortgage you qualify for and what documentation is needed the best way to find this out is to contact me directly. Every application is different, and each lender has different guidelines so it is not always black and white.
Once we have talked mortgages I highly recommend that you get in touch with Katie. She has a wealth of real estate knowledge and she is driven to make sure her clients get the home they want at the price they want!
Tess Arpa Katie Kertesz
Mortgage Agent , Excel Mortgage Real Estate Agent, Remax
Canadian home sales activity eases in October
Ottawa, ON, November 15, 2018 Statistics released today by the Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA) show national home sales declined between September and October 2018. Highlights:
National home sales fell 1.6% from September to October.
Actual (not seasonally adjusted) activity was down by 3.7% from one year ago.
The number of newly listed homes eased 1.1% from September to October.
The MLS Home Price Index (HPI) was up 2.3% year-over-year (y-o-y) in October.
The national average sale price slipped by 1.5% y-o-y in October.
Home sales via Canadian MLS Systems edged back by 1.6% in October 2018. While activity is still stronger compared to the first half of 2018, it remains below monthly levels recorded from early 2014 through 2017. (Chart A) Transactions declined in more than half of all local markets, led by Hamilton-Burlington, Montreal and Edmonton. Although activity did improve modestly in many markets, it was offset by a decline in sales elsewhere by a factor of two.
Actual (not seasonally adjusted) activity was down 3.7% compared to October 2017 and in line with the 10-year average for the month. While sales were down y-o-y in slightly more than half of all local markets in October, lower sales in Greater Vancouver and the Fraser Valley more than offset the rise in sales in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and Montreal by a wide margin.
This years new mortgage stress-test has lowered how much mortgage home buyers can qualify for across Canada, but its effect on sales has varied somewhat depending on location, housing type and price range, said CREA President Barb Sukkau. All real estate is local. A professional REALTOR is your best source for information and guidance in negotiating a purchase or sale of a home during these changing times, added Sukkau.
National sales activity lost momentum in October, said Gregory Klump, CREAs Chief Economist. In part, this reflects waning activity among some urban centers in Ontarios Greater Golden Horseshoe region and the absence of an offsetting rise in sales in the Lower Mainland of British Columbia. Even so, the balance between sales and listings in these regions points to stable prices or modest gains. By contrast, the balance between sales and listings for housing markets in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Newfoundland indicates a weak pricing environment for homeowners who are looking to sell.
The number of newly listed homes edged down 1.1% between September and October, led by the GTA, Calgary and Victoria. The decline in new supply among these markets more than offset an increase in new supply in Edmonton and Greater Vancouver.
As for the balance between sales and listings, the national sales-to-new listings ratio in October came in at 54.2% close to Septembers reading of 54.4% and its long-term average of 53.4%.
Considering the degree and duration to which market balance readings are above or below their long-term average is the best way of gauging whether local housing market conditions favour buyers or sellers. As a rule of thumb, measures of market balance that are within one standard deviation of their long-term average are generally consistent with balanced market conditions.
Based on a comparison of the sales-to-new listings ratio with the long-term average, about two-thirds of all local markets were in balanced market territory in October 2018.
Most First-Time Homebuyers Spending All They Can Afford
Millennials have made up a significant portion of homebuyers in recent years and based on the 2018 Mortgage Consumer Survey, they continue to do so, representing just under half (49%) of first-time buyer respondents. Although this is a decrease from 60% in 2017 and 58% in 2016, Millennials continue to influence and shape the homebuying and mortgage process.
Heres more of what we learned about Millennials and first-time buyers as a whole, powered by the 2018 Mortgage Consumer Survey.
What does the typical first-time buyer profile look like? Forty percent are married, 80% are employed full-time and about one-quarter (26%) have a household income between $60,000 and $90,000. A strong percentage of them were born outside of Canada, with 22% identifying as newcomers to Canada. Mortgage professionals can help meet the unique needs of newcomers with the support of CMHCs homebuying information which is available in 8 different languages.
The top 2 reasons first-time buyers bought a home: they wanted to get a first home and they felt financially ready. Although certain urban markets continue to exhibit high house prices and other barriers to entry, the survey found that 61% of first-time buyers bought a single-detached home. In fact, single-detached home was the top housing type purchased in all regions across Canada, except in British Columbia where condominium apartment was the most popular housing type.
The vast majority (85%) of first-time buyers spent the most they could afford on their home, compared to 68% of repeat buyers. This indicates that first-time buyers, including Millennials, may be stretching themselves financially to purchase their home. When it comes to the down payment, savings from outside an RRSP was the main source for first-time buyers. This suggest there is an opportunity to further educate first-time buyers about other options to help fund their down payment, such as the Government of Canadas Home Buyers Plan (HBP).
To get assistance with the mortgage process, first-time buyers contacted, on average, 2 brokers and 3 lenders. First-time buyer satisfaction levels with mortgage brokers and lenders remains high. However, mortgage professionals could further increase satisfaction levels by conducting more post-transaction follow-up and by providing clients with more information on closing costs, house purchase fees, interest rates, and steps involved in buying a home. CMHCs Step by Step guide is a valuable tool for mortgage professionals to share with homebuyers to ensure they feel confident throughout the entire homebuying process.